We have heard
rumors of somewhat successful attempts to provide centralized news service using
IBIS and other shared or distributed file systems. While it is possible that such
a distributed file system implementation might work well with a group of similar
computers running nearly identical operating systems, such a scheme is not general
enough to offer service to a wide range of client systems, especially when many
diverse operating systems may be in use among a group of clients.
are few (if any) shared or networked file systems that can offer the generality
of service that stream connections using Internet TCP provide, particularly when
a wide range of host hardware and operating systems are considered.
Brian Kantor, Phil Lapsley; RFC
977; Network News Transfer Protocol; Feb 1986.
Usenet servers talk to each other over the Internet with the Network News Transfer
In 1984, Brian Kantor at the University of California at San Diego
and Phil Lapsley, Erik Fair, Steven Grady, Mike Meyer and others at the University
of California at Berkeley created the new Usenet protocol NNTP.
Up until then, the Usenet Netnews program
had exchanged messages using the UUCP utility. The development of NNTP enabled
news servers to exchange news messages on top of the much more efficient and standard
TCP/IP protocol, which was increasingly
available on University networks.
The NNTP standard enabled Usenet news
distribution, posting, selective retrieval, and query functionality. NNTP
is described in more detail in Request
For Comments 977.