most satisfying development and design effort was the original EIES
effort in 1974-1978 under NSF sponsorship. There were no constraints
and sort of complete freedom to innovate... True scientific R&D is
an art of doing multiple risk investment with an expectation of like
1 out of 10 investments paying off a hundred fold.
- Murray Turoff; Interview; date unknown.
The Electronic Information Exchange System (EIES)
was a follow-on conferencing system to EMISARI.
1974, Murray Turoff, then at the New Jersey Institute of Technology, began
a project to build on his EMISARI experience to develop the EIES
conferencing system, with the help of his later wife Starr Roxanne Hiltz.
The EIES development was funded by the National
Science Foundation to build on previous
systems and experiences and further explore the potential for computer conferencing. Accessible by telephone line dial-in or computer networks, it was hosted at the Computerized Conferencing Center of the New Jersey Institute of Technology, and at its peak had more than 2,000 subscribers from companies such as Exxon and IBM, Government agencies such as NASA, and universities around the United States. The system was used to deliver courses, conduct conferencing sessions, and facilitate research.
EIES was used in various versions by many different organizations until
2000, well into the years of widespread Internet popularity, and had
a significant impact on spreading the experience of conferencing systems
It also influenced
of the influential WELL community.
Resources. The following references provide more information on EIES: